What is Plea Bargain in a Criminal Case?
A plea bargain is an agreement between a defendant and a prosecutor in which the defendant agrees to plead guilty or nolo contendere (no contest) to a crime in return for the prosecutor’s agreement to drop or reduce charges or recommend a lighter sentence. In federal criminal cases, plea bargaining is regulated by the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure. State courts also have rules governing plea bargaining, but these vary from state to state.
Plea bargaining is a common practice in the criminal justice system. According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, 97% of federal criminal cases and 94% of state criminal cases end in a guilty plea or nolo contendere plea.
The Advantages of a Plea Bargain in a Criminal Case
There are several benefits to plea bargaining. For defendants, the most obvious benefit is that it can result in a lighter sentence than if they were convicted at trial. In some cases, it may also result in charges being dropped or reduced, getting out of jail, resolving the issue quickly, Avoiding hassles, avoiding publicity, keeping others out of the case, avoiding deportation, etc. For prosecutors, plea bargaining saves time and resources that would be expended on a trial, and it also increases the likelihood of a conviction.
- charges being dropped or reduced
- getting out of jail
- resolve the issue quickly
- avoiding hassles
- avoiding publicity
- keeping others out of the case
- avoiding deportation
Charges Being Dropped or Reduced in Criminal Case
If you are facing criminal charges, one of the first things you will want to do is try to get the charges dropped or reduced. This can be accomplished in a number of ways, but the most common is through plea bargaining.
Getting Out of Jail in Criminal Case Through Plea Bargaining
If you are in jail awaiting trial, you may be able to get out by agreeing to plead guilty to a lesser charge. This is known as a plea bargain. Plea bargains are common in the criminal justice system, and they can be a good way to resolve your case quickly.
Resolve The Issue Quickly in Criminal Case Through Plea Bargaining
Plea bargaining is a process whereby the prosecutor and the defendant agree to resolve the case without going to trial. This can be done for a variety of reasons, but the most common is to save time and money. Plea bargaining can be a good way to resolve your case quickly, but you should always consult with an attorney before agreeing to anything.
Avoiding Hassles in Criminal Cases Through Plea Bargaining
Plea bargaining can be a good way to avoid hassles, but you should always consult with an attorney before agreeing to anything.
Avoiding Publicity in Criminal Cases Through Plea Bargaining
One of the most beneficial of a plea bargain is to avoid publicity. If you are facing criminal charges, you may be able to avoid publicity by agreeing to plead guilty to a lesser charge.
Keeping Others Out of the Case in Criminal Case Through Plea Bargaining
The plea bargain also provides you with the facility to keep others out of the case. If you are facing criminal charges, you may be able to keep your family and friends out of the case with the help of this process.
Avoiding Deportation in Criminal Case Through Plea Bargaining
If you are not a U.S. citizen, you may be deported if you are convicted of certain crimes. However, if you agree to plead guilty to a lesser charge, you may be able to avoid deportation.
Plea bargaining is not without its critics, however. Some argue that it can result in unjust outcomes, as defendants may be pressured into pleading guilty to crimes they did not commit. Others argue that plea bargaining gives too much power to prosecutors, who can use it to coerce defendants into accepting plea deals rather than risk going to trial.
Despite its Critics, plea bargaining is a common and important part of the criminal justice system. It can result in lighter sentences for defendants and increased efficiency for prosecutors. While it is not without its drawbacks, plea bargaining provides an important avenue for resolving criminal cases.
What do you think? Is plea bargaining a fair way to resolve criminal cases? Should more defendants go to trial instead of accepting plea deals? Let us know in the comments!